Fuel for shipping
Ships travel for many miles across the seas and oceans. While passengers enjoy the pleasures provided on board, the crew ensures the vessel is powered and running. Since it requires fuel to operate, you might have thought, how do you fuel a ship? Currently, over 400 ports that provide fuel exist across the world. A barge transports fuel to the vessel when it is required.
Fueling methods vary depending on the ship, and they follow these similar procedures. First, the barge is anchored to the side of the vessel. Then, a hose is connected from one of the fuel tanks to the ship, and the crew members pump fuel on board.
The amount of fuel a ship can consume will depend on its size. Studies have shown that large ships can use about 250 tons of fuel every day.
Refill at sea
Since there are no fueling stations for these vessels in the waters, how do they refill at sea? The supplier and receiving ship travel about 30 yards alongside each other.
Both ships maintain a steady speed and course, mostly between 12 and 16 knots, which lowers relative motion caused by the waves.
The supplier fires a rocket line to the receiver, which is then used to pull cables across the messenger line. The line is used to drag the fuel hose across, and the crew pumps the fuel.
There are many different bunker traders around the world. Bunker traders from Sydney, Singapore, Russia, Dubai etc. They can all be contacted when it is needed to refill a vessel.
There are more kinds of fuel existing today than there have ever been in the history of shipping.
The current types of fuel mix used for shipping comprise all standard varieties of animal and plant bio-fuels, hydrogen, methanol, ethane, and mineral oils hydrogen. In addition, distillate fuels, such as DMB and DMA, are commonly used in most small and large ships.
Distillates, presented in low and standard sulfur versions, are also efficient in all kinds of auxiliary ship engines.
Emulsified fuels are also receiving global recognition due to their ability to completely combust the oil. They work by adding water to the fuel, which minimizes the size of oil droplets. Water vapor originating from the combustion compartment also adds energy to the engine.